Women are more susceptible to the harmful effects of smoking than men
Women are more susceptible to the harmful effects of smoking than men
Women smokers are 25 percent more likely than men to heart problems and the risk increases by two percent each year, one reason being that their body extract a larger quantity of toxic substances from a cigarette, according to a study .
Smoking is a major public health problem and a global epidemic, more than one billion people daily smoking worldwide. Women smokers have a higher risk of heart disease, especially in the context of the number of smokers increases from year to year, say representatives of the National Center for smoking cessation.
In Romania, the last 20 years the number of smokers has almost doubled
In 1989 smoked If 11.3 percent of adult women in 2009 "call" daily cigarette 21.9 percent of them. Furthermore, over 55 percent of women smokers between 15 and 34, are of childbearing potential, said the sources, in a press release.
Smoking is a real cause of multiple cancers in women, and the number of women who get sick and die from cancer is increasing. Oncologists have drawn attention to cervical cancer mortality increased from 14 cases per thousand in 1994 to 16.93 cases in 2003 and ovarian cancer where, from 6.70 to 8.84 cases.
Women smokers are more prone to lung cancer than men
They develop the disease after a lower consumption of tobacco and more likely to be most severe form of lung cancer. One explanation is that women more often use cigarettes of "slim, low-tar, lights" which promotes smoking "compensation" - inhaling deeper or more frequently to ensure their "dose" of nicotine.
"Addiction is a chronic disease and smoking should be treated accordingly. Basically, a person who smokes more than 10 cigarettes per day is dependent on nicotine. Women began smoking later than men, but harder to give up. In fact, studies shows that the success rate of smoking cessation is higher for men. The reasons are so biologically and psychologically, "said Dr. Magdalena Ciobanu, coordinator of the National" Stop Smoking ".
A study by Dr. Rachel R. Huxley of the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Division of Epidemiology, and Dr. Mark Woodward of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, published in August, online, by "The Lancet" and they involving over four million smokers (men and women), shows that women are 25 percent more likely to develop coronariere disease compared with men.
"Nicotine acts directly on the heart, increasing heart rate, and the blood vessels, causing vasoconstriction, which translates to increased blood pressure. Therefore, each smoke" pulled "from the cigarette, the heart contracts more strongly, more often followed by a lull until the next cigarette - when the process resumes. Moreover, the heart is forced "to work" in poor conditions necessary contraction of supply: the amount of oxygen in the blood is reduced due to inhalation of carbon monoxide in tobacco smoke. It is understandable therefore, why the heart fails quickly, "said Magdalena Ciobanu.
The same study shows that the risk of heart disease increases by two percent each year in women compared with men, one reason being that women's body extract a larger amount of toxic substance in a cigarette compared to male body, which has a different reaction.
Despite progress in cardiovascular treatments, Romania die daily because of heart attack 40 people, according to studies presented at the of the 49th National Congress of Cardiology.
Projections of the World Health Organization (WHO) show that coronary disease remains the leading cause of death for 20 years, representing 12.2 percent of overall mortality, before those caused by cancer, road accidents, HIV / AIDS and liver disease.
Female body processes nicotine more quickly
Female body processes nicotine faster than men, they are more likely to develop disease despite coronariere smoke fewer cigarettes per day compared with men, according to the study cited.
Furthermore, although the risk of developing heart disease decreases when smoking cessation, women give up addiction much harder than men. Also, women's dependence on tobacco growing in developing countries because they are exposed to pressure and cigarette advertisements have adapted design of women's psychological needs.
In addition, legislation and regulations are more relaxed. Worldwide, although it believes that smoking is a disease of men, women "recovered" faster, there are already 220 million women smokers.
A study published recently by WHO - Global Youth Tobacco - has shown that young smokers as much as young people. However, the National Center for Quitting smoking tobacco targetează states that women using the seductive messages of "vitality, weakened, emancipation, sophistication, sexual allure."
Globally, nearly 24 percent of young smokers have started smoking at 10 years old that have virtually no discretion and can not see the risks which are subject to smoking.
In Romania, the National "Stop Smoking" aims to help those people who really want to quit smoking and need help. A team of doctors and psychologists who specialize in assisting centers tabacologie Stop Smoking those who want to give up nicotine dependence.
"Quitting smoking means a gain in life years. If you give up to 35 years, winning all 10 years that you would have lost if you continue to smoke. If you give up to 45 years, winning nine years up to 55 years, won six years and up to 65 years, winning just three years, "said the source.
Most Romanian smokers say they would like to quit smoking, but you must go to facts, many drop out. Quitting smoking is primarily a personal decision. Therefore the person who decides to join the National "Stop Smoking" must want very much to give.
"If there is total convingerera then benefit from the program tends to zero. However, if the patient is not convinced one hundred to one hundred, it can be helped by a psychologist, applying a special technique called" motivational interview " Magdalena Ciobanu said.
People in Bucharest can come in every Wednesday at 15.30 at the Institute "Marius Nasta", the group information to learn more about treatment and psychological counseling. You are given explanations and answers to questions. The Bucharest can not address your doctor or specialist psychologist tabacolog and may require an appointment.
"The treatment lasts between two and three months. The patient comes from two weeks to be assessed for general condition and possible withdrawal symptoms and to receive treatment. The chances of relapse after treatment depend exclusively on the patient, the degree who was able to learn new habits of life of non-smoker. The patient was determined to quit, he was correctly followed the recommendations of the psychologist and prescribed medical treatment, the chances of getting non-smoker are higher. It is As with any chronic disease: follow medical advice and does not worsen the disease, do not take into consideration the recommendations, then doing an exacerbation of the disease. In our case, is exacerbating the resumption of smoking, "said Magdalena Ciobanu doctor.
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